Friday September 30 2016
Historical events of September 30
2009An 8.1 earthquake causes a tidal wave that claims 189 lives in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga.
2008Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 777.68 points in the wake of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual bankruptcies, the largest single-day point loss in Wall Street history.
1992Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello impeached for corruptions; he was the youngest president in the nation's history, taking office at age 40 in 1990.
1990The YF-22, later named F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
1979John Paul II becomes the first pope ever to visit Ireland.
1971Oman joins the Arab League.
1968Samir Soni, Indian actor, model; in 2012 won Indian Telly Award, Boroplus Gold Award and ITA Award for Best Actor, as well Favorite Drama Actor in India's People's Choice Awards.
1966Chevrolet introduces the Camaro, which will become an iconic car.
1962The popular Argentinian comic strip Mafalda beings publication, in the weekly Primera Plana; focusing on a six-year-old girl (Mafalda) and her friends, it has been called the Argentinian Peanuts.
1962Canada launches its first satellite, Alouette 1.
1960General Douglas MacArthur officially returns Seoul, South Korea, to President Syngman Rhee.
1955Ann Bancroft, explorer, author; first woman to reach North Pole on foot nd by sled and first woman to cross both polar ice caps.
1951Michelle Bachelet, first woman president of Chile (2006-10).
1950Soviet Premier Nikita Krushchev repeatedly disrupts a UN General Assembly meeting with his violent outbursts over intervention in the Belgian Congo, US U2 spy planes, and arms control.
1948Bryant Gumbel, broadcast journalist; co-host of NBC's Today (1982-97), for which he won several Emmy Awards.
1947Gary Wetzel, US Army soldier awarded Medal of Honor for actions near Ap Dong An during Vietnam War.
1943Adolf Hitler's book Mein Kampf is published in the United States.
1943Lech Walesa, Lech Walesa, president of Poland (1990-95); co-founder of Solidarity, the first independent trade union in the Soviet bloc; won Nobel Peace Prize, 1983.
1942Madeline Kahn, actress, comedian, singer, best known for comedic film roles, especially Mel Brooks' films Blazing Saddles and Young Frankenstein.
194130,000 Jews are gunned down in Kiev when Henrich Himmler sends four strike squads to exterminate Soviet Jewish civilians and other "undesirables."
1939Germany and the Soviet Union reach an agreement on the division of Poland.
1935Jerry Lee Lewis, singer, songwriter, musician; influential figure in early rock 'n' roll ("Great Balls of Fire").
1932A five-day work week is established for General Motors workers.
1907Gene Autry, actor, singer, star of radio, film and TV; known for his film roles as a "singing cowboy" (Oh, Susanna!, Back in the Saddle), he was influential in country music with songs that included "Back in the Saddle," "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer," and "Frosty the Snowman."
1901Enrico Fermi, Italian-born U.S. physicist who led the group which created the first man-made nuclear chain reaction.
1879Dissatisfied Ute Indians kill Agent Nathan Meeker and nine others in the "Meeker Massacre."
1864Union troops capture the Confederate Fort Harrison, outside Petersburg, Virginia.
1850Mormon leader Brigham Young is named the first governor of the Utah Territory.
1833A civil war breaks out in Spain between Carlisists, who believe Don Carlos deserves the throne, and supporters of Queen Isabella.
1789Congress votes to create a U.S. army.
1758Horatio Nelson, British naval commander who defeated the French and her allies on numerous occasions during the age of Napoleon.
1547Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish novelist best known for his book The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha.
1513Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean.
1493Christopher Columbus leaves Cadiz, Spain, on his second voyage to the new world.
1399Richard II of England is deposed. His cousin, Henry of Lancaster, declares himself king under the name Henry IV.
1197Emperor Henry VI dies in Messina, Sicily.
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